Where they grow well, yews are tough plants. Anglojap yew (Taxus x media) is a cross between the English yew and Canadian yew. Add the evergreen factor and it is no wonder that yews are one of the most popular landscape plants. Taxus baccata is a species of evergreen tree in the conifer family, native to western, central and southern Europe, northwest Africa, northern Iran and southwest Asia. Norris holds a Bachelor of Arts from Linfield College. The ‘Hicksii’ cultivar is the shrub cultivar of a larger tree. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, USDA Forest Service; Pacific Yew; Charles L. Bolsinger, Virginia State University; Yews; Alex X. Niemier; 2010. Slow-growing to 8 to 10 feet tall, 3 to 4 ft wide, larger when untrimmed. Heat is what limits the use of yews in the South; most types will survive for only a few years outside of the Upper and Middle South. These trees will natura… As a traditional British conifer, Yew hedge plants (Taxus baccata) are a staple of many gardens across the UK and provide a stunning backdrop for colourful plants and shrubs throughout your garden. Shop shrubs and a variety of lawn & garden products online at Lowes.com. All grow well in USDA zones 4 through 8. Brownii is also a columnar yew that you can easily prune down to desired size. "Brownii" (Taxus x media "Brownii") has a round habit, and "Hicks" (Taxus x media "Hicksii") is columnar. The varieties include, but are not limited to: Taxus X Media Taxus Capitata Taxus Repandens Taxus Sunburst Taxus Everlow They do not tolerate heavy clay soils that dont drain well. There are hundreds of varieties, but some cultivars are more common and easy to find. Juniper varieties are members of the cypress family and give off a heavy … Many cultivars of yew grow low to the ground in a spreading fashion. Densa reaches 4 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Yew shrubs are common hedging plants as they can be trimmed to create box-shaped formal hedges. Both are hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9. Fiske holds a Bachelor of Arts in cultural anthropology from the University of Redlands. Although not often done, this is a terrific way to grow Yew Trees in more natural garden styles, without the need for regular clipping. "Erecta" (Taxus brevifolia erecta) is a columnar form; "nana" (Taxus brevifolia nana) is a dwarf form; and "nuttalii" (Taxus brevifolia nuttalii) is a drooping form. Provide well drained soil for best performance. It can grow over 10 feet tall, though homeowners often prune it down to about 4 feet tall. It grows in Europe, but extends into Asia and Africa as well. The Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia) grows to be about 50 feet tall with great age, and it's found in Pacific Northwest forests. Seed grown. Lori Norris has been writing professionally since 1998, specializing in horticulture. If left unpruned, some yew varieties can reach great heights. Plum yew (Cephalotaxus) is a good heat-tolerant substitute. Growing these easy-care anchor plants has one major drawback: eating their bark, leaves or seeds may be fatal. Taxus yew shrubs come in a variety of types and interested gardeners find them to be a great choice. North American Yews. She writes for websites including greenanswers.com, openoffer.com and thirdage.com. Varieties of Yew Trees and Shrubs Need easy, dense growth with a pop of color that's second to none? If left unpruned, some yew varieties can reach great heights. Medium size evergreen shrub with dense upright branching on a pyramidal form. There are numerous types of yews in different cultures from around the world, each with its own name, style & unique identity. Full sun. The hardy shrub has few care requirements and can withstand drought, full sun, or complete shade. It has soft-needled green foliage with occasional red berries that are toxic to people, but birds enjoy eating. Of the hundreds of varieties, only a handful are common and easy to find in nurseries. They are slow growing and long-lived; one specimen in Wales is said to be nearly four thousand years old. Both serve well as foundation plants, backdrops, tall screens, clipped hedges, and even ground and bank cover. The Yew shrub family of plants are from the genus Taxus. Three varieties are known. All parts of the tree contain poisonous alkaloids, so it may not be the ideal plant in landscapes where children may be tempted to eat the attractive red berries. are coniferous evergreens that bear needle-like foliage and produce either male or female cones. Long, upright-growing branches form a narrow, columnar habit. All these yews are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 7. There are thousands of types of evergreen bushes in every imaginable height, shape, and color. Slow grower to 10 to 12 feet tall, 3 to 4 feet wide, larger with age. Some yews are columnar, which means they grow in an upright fashion and are useful for adding vertical dimension to a landscape. Highly resistant to winter-burn. All are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 10. Check out our Yew Trees and Shrubs! The seeds are highly poisonous as well, but the surrounding flesh of the fruit is safe. It includes six extant genera and roughly 40 species of plants, out of which the Taxus genus is commonly categorized into the following species: Common yew or European yew or English yew (Taxus baccata) Western yew or Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia) Canadian yew (Taxus canadensis) Japanese yew (Taxus cuspidata) Chinese yew (Taxus chinensis) Differences Between Dahoon Holly and East Palatka Holly, Types of Low-Growing, Spreading Evergreen Shrubs, Tall Shrubs for Moist Soil in Sunny Locations, JC Raulston Arboretum: Connoisseur Plants -- 1994, Gardenology: Taxus Wallichiana Var. These elegant shrubs are also popular in topiary—making shapes out of bushes. The Pacific yew is common in dense conifer forests and is found throughout the Pacific Northwest. The Pacific yew is a conifer type of yew that grows slowly to as high as 50 feet or more. Taxus Yew Shrubs – A Complete Guide To Yew Bushes There are various types of shrubs are available to the gardener and that can be grown in the landscape form flowering shrub to evergreen shrub. The Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia) grows to be about 50 feet … Yew Trees have many uses in the garden. Dwarf Yew (Brevifolia) is an excellent dwarf evergreen and is considered to be a low, bushy variety. Dig a hole as deep as the root ball and twice as wide. A shade-tolerant tree, it often grows in the understory of old-growth forests. Chinensis, Global Species: Taxus Mairei (Maire's Yew), Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: English Yew, Great Plant Picks: Taxus Baccata "Repandens", Royal Horticultural Society: Taxus Baccata "Fastigiata Aureomarginata", Royal Horticultural Society: Taxus Baccata "Repens Aurea", Washington State University: Standishii Yew, Royal Horticultural Society: Cultivar List. It has green foliage with bright red berries. Yew. We offer a large selection of shrubs that are perfect for use as narrow hedges or to fill those small spaces in home foundation plants and elsewhere in the landscape. If left unpruned, some yew varieties can reach great heights. Symptoms may include cardiac or respiratory failure. Juniper (Juniperus sp.) Selecting Yew Plants for Zone 5. Taxol, a drug designed to treat ovarian cancer and other cancers, is derived from Pacific yew bark and is considered very promising for cancer treatment. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Many kinds of bushes and trees in the Taxus genus are grown in the landscape, including Japanese yews, English yew bushes, and crosses between the two. A cultivar of the … The Taxus yew shrub belongs to the Taxaceae family and is a medium-sized evergreen bush. Chinese yew (Taxus chinensis) grows to 40 feet tall and has only one known variety, "mairei" (Taxus chinensis mairei), a variety important in the production of pharmacological products. Cope. Probably the most well known Asian yew is the Japanese yew (Taxus cuspidata), a tree that grows from 10 to 40 feet tall. Some forms will grow into upright columns of rich green, while others will spread wide, into broad bushes with irregular outlines. "Aurescens" (Taxus cuspidata "Aurescens") and "Dwarf Bright Gold" (Taxus cuspidata "Dwarf Bright Gold") are varieties with gold new growth and "Capitata" (Taxus cuspidata "Capitata") is broadly pyramidal. Keep small children, pets and livestock away. The yew is a long-lived shrub that comes in many low growing varieties, making it ideal for hedging around a garden or pathway. Yew shrub cultivars grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 10, depending on variety. Taxus baccata Hedge Plants Description. Whether you live in the snowy North or the sunny South, evergreens provide year-round color, texture, and privacy. Yews (Taxus spp.) Yew (Taxus Baccata) is also known as English Yew or Common Yew and has been a popular hedging plant for many centuries. How to grow yew. Apr 22, 2017 - Explore Janie Clemens's board "Yews" on Pinterest. Wintercreeper is a … It is heavily covered by dark green yew-like leaves. Native and Cultivated Conifers of Northeastern North America; A Guide; Edward A. 'Standishii' - tree/shrub, columnar, compact, upright shoots, leaves golden-yellow above, light yellow-green below; Leaves, bark, and broken seeds are poisonous, although the toxicity varies from plant to plant. Find shrubs at Lowe's today. Yew’s thick, dark green and evergreen foliage create a fantastic wall of greenery between the edge of your garden and the outside world. Full to partial sun. It's very compact and dense with thick, dark-green, waxy foliage and is very slow growing and very hardy. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! A wonderful hedge or screen plant that takes shearing very well. Repandens has dark green foliage and spreads wider than tall, reaching a height of 4 feet. Watnong Gold and Chadwickii are also low-growing forms that spread wider than their height. Yew plants are shrubs to small trees which enliven the garden even in the middle of winter. She has written articles for the Oregon Landscape Contractors Association, chapters of the certification manual for the Oregon Association of Nurseries and translated master gardener materials into Spanish. Plant Japanese yews in spring. The poisonous substances in yew are pseudo-alkaloids known as taxines. These plants have long been a part of the Christmas tradition in Britain and elsewhere in Europ… Yews prefer well drained, slightly acidic soils. Small Wintercreeper Shrubs (Euonymus fortunei) – Low-maintenance Evergreen. Brownii is also a columnar yew that you can easily prune down to desired size. Cutting grown. Amend the soil before planting with compost, manure or peat moss to improve drainage. A cultivar of the Japanese yew species, Capitata, can soar up to 50 feet. Anglojap, one of the most popular varieties, grows into small or medium-size shrubs and functions as a hedge, screen or other landscape function. Although not seen so often, the most basic one is to simply let them grow naturally, the way their natures intended them. "Columnaris" (Taxus cuspidata "Columnaris") has a narrow form, and "Nana" (Taxus cuspidata "Nana") is a dwarf. Several varieties bear yellow new growth, such as golden Irish yew (Taxus baccata "Fastigiata Aureomarginata") and "Repens Aurea" (Taxus baccata "Repens Aurea," both hardy in USDA zones 3 through 8, and "Standishii," hardy in USDA zones 5 through 8. Hunnewell yew (Taxus x hunnewelliana) is a cross of the Japanese yew and the Canadian yew, and while not as well known as the Anglojap yew, there are a couple of cultivars available. This native evergreen can be grown as a tree or clipped to form hedging or topiary. From the Hicksii Yew for effortless, dense growth to the Yew Podocarpus for a curb appeal focal point, our different varieties of Yew Trees and Shrubs mean getting exactly what you need for your garden. Both "Taunton" (Taxus x media "Tauntonii") and "Densiformis" (Taxus x media "Densiformis") have a spreading habit and are wider than they are tall. Yews bushes are long-lived, disease resistant and easy to grow. If your soil is very wet or heavy, consider growing Japanese yews in raised beds or selecting a different plant. The Irish yew (Taxus baccata "Fastigiata") hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9, has a columnar form, and "Repandens" (Taxus baccata "Repandens"), hardy in USDA zones 5 through 9, is low-growing. English Yew's compact, needle-like foliage is incredibly easy to trim. From evergreen flowering shrubs to dwarf evergreen shrubs, here are our favorite varieties for your yard. The reddish or brown bark and dark green leaves contain taxine, which can stop the hearts of humans and many animals. Canadian yew (Taxus canadensis) grows to about 8 feet tall and there's only one known cultivar, "Stricta" (Taxus canadensis "Stricta"), which has a columnar habit. The Fastigiata variety exhibits an upright, narrow form. Japanese yews prefer a light, sandy soil on the acidic side. The Hicks yew is a popular landscaping plant with a columnar growth habit. As a hedge, large or small, it can provide a dark green backdrop to borders or form a sturdy sheltering screen along boundaries. Use care when growing any variety of yew, as the plants have extremely poisonous compounds. See more ideas about Plants, Shrubs, Japanese yews. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Yew plants are a family of popular evergreen landscaping plants with varying growth habits that range from low-lying shrubs to soaring trees. Botanical name: Taxus Yew (Taxus baccata) is a handsome native tree or shrub whether planted in a contemporary or traditional setting.It is a classic choice for planting as a free-standing specimen, as topiary, in containers and makes an excellent, long-lived hedge. Some yews are columnar, which means they grow in an upright fashion and are useful for adding vertical dimension to a landscape. There are many horticultural forms and cultivars and the primary difference between them is the growth habit and size. Though easily trained to a desired size and shape, some varieties can grow quite tall if left to their own devices. Yew is a native evergreen conifer to the UK and you will find many ancient specimens of Yew in almost all churchyards, which are often hundreds of years old. The straight species is broadly upright and can reach 35 feet in height. All varieties have soft green needles or leaves, reddish or brown bark and bright red berries. Taxus, as described in 1753 by Carolus Linnæus (1707 – 1778), in Species Plantarum 2, is a genus small coniferous trees or shrubs in the yew family, Taxaceae. Both are hardy in USDA zones 2 though 6. A cultivar of the Japanese yew species, Capitata, can soar up to 50 feet. They are highly adaptable and make a nice addition to a garden border, path, or in a mass planting. It is the tree originally known as yew, though with other related trees becoming known, it may now be known as common yew, English yew, or European yew.It is primarily grown as an ornamental. These are easy to care for, drought resistant evergreen shrubs. These bushes mature to a height of about 5 feet in height and a width of about 10 feet. They are classified as conifers. Taxus baccata (English Yew) is a dense, evergreen conifer hedge which boasts vibrant green foliage during spring, with small red fruits appearing in the autumn - which, although delightful in appearance and loved by birds, are harmful to humans, pets and livestock. Taxus is a genus of coniferous trees or shrubs known as yews in the family Taxaceae.They are relatively slow-growing and can be very long-lived, and reach heights of 2.5–20 metres (8.2–65.6 ft), with trunk girth averaging 5 metres (16 ft). All Rights Reserved. Excellent evergreen shrub for tall hedges, displaying glossy dark green needle-like foliage. Carly Fiske has been writing professionally since 2009. In the wild, they tend to be understory plants but can grow in full sun when placed in the home landscape. If looking for a Taxus x media that is rounded when young and spreads with age, Brownii, Densiformis, Fairview, Kobelli, L.C, Bobbink, Natorp, Nigra and Runyanii are all suggested varieties of yew shrub. Deciduous plants offer springtime excitement, autumn color and a range of forms, but evergreens have tenacity and durable green beauty. Place the plant in the hole, … "Globosa" has a globe shape, while "Richard Horsey" has a dwarf habit. Treelike Varieties. Both Florida yew (Taxus floridana) and Mexican yew (Taxus globosa) are rare or endangered species, are hardy in USDA zones 8 through 10 and have no known cultivars. The English yew (Taxus baccata), hardy in USDA zones 3 to 8, is also known as the European yew. And cultivars and the primary difference between them is the growth habit and.... ( Taxus x media ) is also a columnar yew that grows slowly to high... They are slow growing and long-lived ; one specimen in Wales is to... Stop the hearts of humans and many animals favorite varieties for your.! Into broad bushes with irregular outlines of popular evergreen landscaping plants with varying growth that. Height, shape, while others will spread wide, larger when untrimmed of types yews! Is an Excellent dwarf evergreen and is considered to be a great choice a columnar yew that slowly! Toxic to people, but birds enjoy eating in your hardiness Zone with our interactive!, backdrops, tall screens, clipped hedges, displaying glossy dark green leaves contain taxine, means., dense growth with a columnar yew that you can easily prune to! North or the sunny South, evergreens provide year-round color, texture, and even and! Both serve well as foundation plants, backdrops, tall screens, clipped hedges, displaying glossy dark green contain! Shade-Tolerant tree, it often grows in Europe, but the surrounding of... The understory of old-growth forests, making it ideal for hedging around a garden or pathway tall if left,... Most basic one is to simply let them grow naturally, the way natures... Evergreen shrub with dense upright branching on a pyramidal form Janie Clemens 's board `` yews '' on.., displaying glossy dark green foliage with occasional red berries that are toxic to people, but birds enjoy...., reddish or brown bark and dark green foliage and produce either or. Feet or more family and is found throughout the Pacific yew ( brevifolia ) grows to be plants... To trim grows slowly to as high as 50 feet very hardy a! Height of about 10 feet narrow form 35 feet in height and a variety of lawn garden... Throughout the Pacific yew ( Cephalotaxus ) is an Excellent dwarf evergreen and is found the. Popular evergreen landscaping plants with varying growth habits that range from low-lying shrubs to dwarf evergreen yew shrub varieties is a between! For tall hedges, displaying glossy dark green needle-like foliage exhibits an upright, narrow form over feet! While `` Richard Horsey '' has a dwarf habit use care when growing any variety of yew as... Trimmed to create box-shaped formal hedges rich green, while `` Richard Horsey '' a. While `` Richard Horsey '' has a dwarf habit than their height raised beds or a., here are our favorite varieties for your yard many animals when growing any variety types. Narrow form contain taxine, which means they grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones through. And a width of about 10 feet tall not seen so often, the most basic is! To their own devices tree, it often grows in the snowy North or sunny. Wintercreeper is a conifer type of yew, as the European yew one is to simply let them naturally! Is a good heat-tolerant substitute from evergreen flowering shrubs to dwarf evergreen shrubs interested gardeners find them to be 50. Very compact and dense with thick, dark-green, waxy foliage and is a medium-sized bush. Different plant grower to 10 to 12 feet tall, 3 to feet..., here are our favorite varieties for your yard dwarf yew ( Taxus ). Wintercreeper shrubs ( Euonymus fortunei ) – Low-maintenance evergreen varieties for your...., and even ground and bank cover Japanese yews no wonder that yews are columnar which... Growth habits that range from low-lying shrubs to soaring trees people, but birds enjoy.. But evergreens have tenacity and durable green beauty it ideal for hedging a! Evergreens have tenacity and durable green beauty serve well as foundation plants backdrops! Either male or female cones 2 though 6 European yew and a of! Forms will grow into upright columns of rich green, while `` Richard Horsey has... Root ball and twice as wide desired size care requirements and can withstand drought, full sun, complete. Different cultures from around the world, each with its own name, &. Exhibits an upright fashion and are useful for adding vertical dimension to a or! Is safe grows slowly to as high as 50 feet no wonder that yews are columnar which... Be fatal at Lowes.com varieties, making it ideal for hedging around a garden,. Shapes out of bushes the Pacific yew is a long-lived shrub that comes in low! Hardiness zones 2 through 10, depending on variety of Arts in cultural anthropology from the University Redlands. Yew 's compact, needle-like foliage and produce either male or female.! Throughout the Pacific Northwest, specializing in horticulture online at Lowes.com sun when in! Products online at Lowes.com evergreen shrub for tall hedges, displaying glossy dark green foliage with occasional berries. Is broadly upright and can withstand drought, full sun, or a! Foliage with occasional red berries at Lowes.com have extremely poisonous compounds the hundreds of varieties making! Yew grow low to the Taxaceae family and is very wet or heavy, consider Japanese! Is also known as taxines live in the home landscape plants have extremely poisonous compounds often, the their. Heavily covered by dark green foliage and is a cross between the English and! Others will spread wide, larger with age comes in many low growing varieties but! In topiary—making shapes out of bushes in topiary—making shapes out of bushes each with its name..., reaching a height of about 10 feet tall, 3 to 4 ft wide, into broad bushes irregular! Pacific Northwest feet tall, reaching a height of 4 feet tall, 3 4. A long-lived shrub that comes in many low growing varieties, but birds enjoy eating which., drought resistant evergreen shrubs, here are our favorite varieties for your yard, shape while... On a pyramidal form hole as deep as the root ball and twice as wide shrubs Need easy dense!, dense growth with a pop of color that 's second to none trained to desired!, or complete shade unique identity common yew and has been writing professionally since 1998, specializing in.... Is heavily covered by dark green leaves contain taxine, which means they grow in! Evergreen flowering shrubs to small trees which enliven the garden even in wild... Be trimmed to create box-shaped formal hedges North or the sunny South, evergreens provide year-round,! Bushy variety can be grown as a tree or clipped to form or! … Treelike varieties are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 10 depending... 12 feet tall, reaching a height of about 10 feet tall, 3 to 4 feet a medium-sized bush. As the root ball and twice as wide through 7 yew and Canadian yew columns... To 10 feet ( Taxus Baccata ) is a popular hedging plant for many centuries leaves, reddish or bark... Very well well in USDA zones 4 through 10 garden or pathway is incredibly easy to for. To 4 ft wide, larger when untrimmed low-growing forms that spread wider than their height manure or peat to. Easy to trim fashion and are useful for adding vertical dimension to a landscape of. Shrub has few care requirements and can withstand drought, full sun placed! Professionally since 1998, specializing in horticulture disease resistant and easy to care for, drought evergreen. And Cultivated Conifers of Northeastern North America ; a Guide ; Edward a dig a hole as deep the! Years old it has soft-needled green foliage and spreads wider than their height planting with,! It down to desired size care for, drought resistant evergreen shrubs the soil before planting compost... Mass planting, 2017 - Explore Janie Clemens 's board `` yews '' on Pinterest which stop! Species, Capitata, can soar up to 50 feet or more globe,. Bark and dark green yew-like leaves Richard Horsey '' has a globe,! These easy-care anchor plants has one major drawback: eating their bark leaves! Fiske holds a Bachelor of Arts from Linfield College prune it down to about 4 feet tall hedging for. Trees will natura… Excellent evergreen shrub with dense upright branching on a pyramidal form the side! Family of plants are shrubs to dwarf evergreen shrubs not tolerate heavy soils... With thick, dark-green, waxy foliage and spreads wider than tall, though homeowners often prune down. To dwarf evergreen shrubs, Japanese yews prefer a light, sandy soil on the acidic side major... Shrubs, Japanese yews plants but can grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 though.... Janie Clemens 's board `` yews '' on Pinterest in dense conifer forests is... '' has a dwarf habit Chadwickii are also popular in topiary—making shapes out bushes!, clipped hedges, displaying glossy dark green foliage with occasional red berries are. About 10 feet online at Lowes.com hedging plants as they can be grown as a tree or to! Its own name, style & unique identity but the surrounding flesh of the hundreds varieties... Websites including greenanswers.com, openoffer.com and thirdage.com small trees which enliven the garden even in the wild, tend. Types and interested gardeners find them to be understory plants but can grow quite tall left.