There were rare attacks by Indians. Map of Marcy's Itineraries. Most settled in California. This striking map of North America was published in 1849 to capitalize on the California Gold Rush, which reached a fever pitch in that year. It shows relief, drainage, place names, Indian locations, railroads, trails, and steamship routes. At the headwaters of the Humboldt River in present-day northwestern Nevada the California Trail followed the north bank of the Humboldt River southwest through present-day Elko, Nevada and the narrow Carlin Canyon, where, during periods of high water, the route was almost impassable. Note the northern and southern 1849 trails through Texas. © Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated February 2020. Gold Rush Trails to San Diego and Los Angeles in 1849 (San Diego: San Diego Corral of Westerners, 1995), p. 9. It’s also possible that the northern passes have been renamed over time. York Factory Express, Local and county histories and biographies, Trails over the mountains to the gold fields, Wikipedia contributors, "Oregon Trail" in, Wikipedia contributors, "California Trail" in, Wikipedia contributors, "California Gold Rush" in, Wikipedia contributors, "Emigrant trail" in, Wikipedia contributors, "Mormon Trail" in, Wikipedia contributors, "Cherokee Trail" in, Wikipedia contributors, "Bozeman Trail" in, Ⓒ 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. West of Carlin, the California Trail climbed Emigrant Pass, descending into Emigrant Canyon to rejoin the Humboldt River at Gravelly Ford. Some of these sources may reveal their place of origin. Thanks for the input John! Sectioned and mounted on cloth backing. FHL Digital images, California Trail Map & Advice for Emigrants - Donner Summit Historical Society, Nauvoo, Hancock County, Illinois Genealogy, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, California Genealogy, Portland, Multnomah County, Oregon Genealogy, Carson City (Independent City), Nevada Genealogy, National Park Service - Trail Map, Brochure and Auto Tours Interpretive Guides, United States Overland Travel 1840 to 1865, Oregon Trail, California Trail (National Institute), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Trail, http://www.nps.gov/cali/planyourvisit/upload/CALImap1-web.pdf, http://emigranttrailswest.org/virtual-tour/california-trail/, https://www.blm.gov/visit/california-trail-interpretive-center, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emigrant_trail, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oregon_Trail, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Gold_Rush, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mormon_Trail, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherokee_Trail, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bozeman_Trail, California Genealogical Society and Library, Fresno City and County Historical Society Archives, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Southern California Genealogical Society and Family Research Library, Tuolumne County Genealogical Society Library, US Immigration Ship (Vessel) Arrival Records, Grout Museum of History and Science Library, Mid-Continent Public Library Midwest Genealogy Center, American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Fort Hays State University Forsyth Library, Riley County Genealogical Society Library, University of Kansas Kenneth Spencer Research Library, Kansas City Public Library Missouri Valley Special Collections, Wilson's Creek National Battlefield Library, Brigham Young University Harold B. Lee Library, Southern Utah University Gerald R. Sherratt Library, Wyoming State Archives and Historical Department, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=California_Trail&oldid=4061992, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Like its northern counterpart, the southern trail … California Pioneer Index (California), 1906-1935 - digital images on FamilySearch Catalog: National Park Service, "California Trail" (map) in, "Oregon - California Trails Association" in, "California Trail Historic Interpretive Center" in. A third type of travel guide promoting migration provides directions for traveling along a single route. Early emigrants once called the California Trail an elephant, due to the difficult journey. Some made their way from various places in California to Salt Lake City, Utah. One such short cut, called the Hastings Route, ran south of the main route. It was the greatest mass migration in American history. Prior to 1841, minor trails were in use. 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